Editor’s note: is Sacha Haworth, Executive Director, Tech Oversight Project


As President Joe Biden laid out in his Executive Order on Safe, Secure, and Trustworthy Artificial Intelligence, the risks of unregulated Artificial Intelligence are not solely hypothetical and in the future – AI is creating harm right now.

As Bloomberg reports, “a new era of disinformation is dawning. While experts have long warned about the use of deepfakes to sway voters, AI is now cheap and accessible enough for anyone to try their hands at it.”

President Biden’s Executive Order aims to establish “new standards for AI safety and security, protects Americans’ privacy, advances equity and civil rights, stands up for consumers and workers, promotes innovation and competition.”

However, executive action can only go so far. In announcing the EO, President Biden explicitly called on Congress to pass AI legislation. Senate Majority Leader Schumer has crafted a framework to guide that process. We are encouraged by several legislative proposals on the table, but we need to get this right.

We cannot be bogged down by fearmongering of an “AI apocalypse,” when there are real harms to competition and consumers that are playing out as we speak. As Vice President Harris stated recently, the harms are not only hypothetical or occurring in a far-off future; they are happening right now, to real people. How Congress handles this moment will set the tone for many years in the future. We cannot let Big Tech alone write the rules that govern itself and AI.

This memo serves to highlight the growing public support for comprehensive oversight of AI tech as Congress considers impending legislation. 

When we talk about AI, we need to demystify the problem. “Artificial Intelligence” is an umbrella term encompassing the industry areas below, which deserve closer scrutiny and attention. These sectors are:

  1. AI Applications (AI Apps): These are end-user products that include everything from virtual assistants to autonomous vehicles.
  2. Large Language Models: Like ChatGPT, these models are the cognitive engines that understand and generate human-like text. They form the basis for many AI Apps.
  3. Cloud Computing: They serve as the foundation of AI services scalability.
  4. AI Chips: Specialized chips like GPUs and TPUs power data centers and form the foundation of cloud computing.

Polling makes it crystal clear: The American people want Congress to regulate AI technology and to rein in the Big Tech companies who want to monopolize it.

Polling Summary

Below are some top findings. At the end of this document, we provide a full breakdown of the various polls conducted since over the last 12 months.

Regulating AI

Regulating Big Tech

Regulating disinformation, propaganda, and deepfakes

  • 85% expressed concern over AI leading to the spread of misleading video and audio deep fakes. (Source: YouGov, conducted August 21 – August 27, 2023).

  • 78% of respondents expressed concern over AI leading to the spread of political propaganda. (Source: YouGov, conducted August 21 – August 27, 2023).

  • 53% of respondents believe AI misinformation will impact the winner of the 2024 election. (Source: Axios, August 2023 – link to article for information on crosstabs).

See additional polling in the Appendix following this memo.


The growth of AI technology is already causing harm with, to name a few, predatory scams, election interference, and discrimination in housing, criminal justice, and health care. Whereas the EO could have, we argue, gone further in its protection of competition in the new market, we are encouraged by President Biden’s Executive Order and by the framework put forward by Senate Leader Schumer. However, Congress needs to pass legislation that protects people and makes sure the next generation of the technology isn’t gate-kept by some of the largest companies in the world.

The American people are clear in every poll: The time for regulating Big Tech and AI technology is now. Americans across party lines demand urgent government action to curb the unchecked influence of Big Tech.

The President has made his move. It’s now time for Congress to act.