RALEIGH – The new pandemic relief package signed into law by President Trump on Sunday night includes a new round of Payroll Protection Plan funding – $284 billion – and other help for small businesses. But there are significant changes from the PPP plan launched earlier this year than led to some $12 billion in funding for companies and other entities across North Carolina.

Providing an in-depth look at this new program at the request of WRAL TechWire is Peter Gwaltney, CEO of the North Carolina Bankers Association.

NC Bankers Association photo

Peter Gwaltney

His report:

Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) and Small Business Relief $284 billion

  • First Draw Changes. Provides $284.6 billion to the Small Business Administration (SBA) to reopen the PPP for first time and second time borrowers. Requires SBA to issue rules within 10 days of enactment.
  • Re-opens the PPP for first time recipients, with an expansion of eligible entities including 501(c)(6)s, destination marketing organizations (DMOs), housing cooperatives, newspapers, broadcasters, and radio stations. Prohibits publicly traded companies from receiving PPP funds as well as those entities receiving a Shuttered Venue Operator Grants. Clarifies that a business must have been in operation on February 15, 2020.
  • Set asides of $15 billion for CDFIs and MDIs, $15 billion for depository institutions under $10 billion in assets. [CDFIs are Community Development Financial Institutions. Minority Depository Institutions (MDIs) include banks and credit unions owned by people of color.]
  • $35 billion for first-time borrowers of which $15 billion for borrowers with 10 employees or fewer or loans less than $250,000 for low-income areas.
  • Expands list of eligible expenses to include covered operations (software, cloud computing, and other human resources and accounting needs); property damage costs due to public disturbances that occurred during 2020 that are not covered by insurance; covered supplier costs; and covered worker protection expenditures (PPE).
  • Sets up a new tiered fee structure for PPP loans: (1) Loans of less than $50,000 that is equal to the lesser of 50 percent of the loan principal or $2,500; (2) loans of more than $50,000 and not more than $350,000 equal to five percent of the loan principal; (3) loans of more than $350,000 and less than $2,00,000 equal to three percent of the loan principal; and (4) loans of more than $2,000,000 equal to one percent.
  • The covered period for all first draw loans is extended to March 31, 2021 and is retroactive to the start of CARES. Borrowers may choose the end of their forgiveness covered period between 8 and 24 weeks after the loan origination.
  • Creation of a Second Draw. Includes a Second Draw of PPP funds for small businesses with 300 or fewer employees that have sustained a 25 percent drop in revenue in any quarter of 2020 when compared to the same quarter in 2019. A business must use or have used the full amount of their first PPP loan. The maximum loan amount is $2 million.
  • Small Business SBA has 10 days to issue guidance on how the second draw program will operate. Additionally, they must supply guidance addressing access to capital issues for underserved communities.
  • $25 billion set aside for borrowers with 10 or fewer employees or loans less than $250,000 in low- income areas.
  • Maximum loan amount is 2.5 times the average monthly payroll based on the 2019 calendar year or a one year look back, capped at $2 million. NAICS 72 Businesses (Accommodations and Food Services) can receive 3.5 times average monthly payroll, capped at $2 million.
  • Eligible entities must be businesses, certain non-profit organizations, housing cooperatives, veterans’ organizations, tribal businesses, self-employed individuals, sole proprietors, independent contractors, and small agricultural co-operatives.
  • Ineligible entities include: entities listed in 13 C.F.R. 120.110 and subsequent regulations except for entities from that regulation which have otherwise been made eligible by statute or guidance, and except for nonprofits and religious organizations; entities involved in political and lobbying activities including engaging in advocacy in areas such as public policy or political strategy or otherwise describes itself as a think tank in any public document, entities affiliated with entities in the People’s Republic of China; registrants under the Foreign Agents Registration Act; and entities that receive a grant under the Shuttered Venue Operator Grant program.
  • The Administrator may reimburse a lender by a tiered structure: For loans up to $50,000, the lender processing fee will be the lesser of 50 percent of the principal amount or $2,500. For loans between $50,000 and $350,000, the lender fee will be five percent. For loans $350,000 and above, the lender fee will be three percent.

EIDL (Economic Injury Disaster Loan) Advance Program

  • Provides $20 billion dollars to restart and extend the SBA’s EIDL Advance Grant for small businesses in low-income communities.
  • Creates a process for existing EIDL Advance grantees that received less than $10,000 dollars to reapply for the difference between what they received and the maximum EIDL Advance Grant of $10,000 dollars.
  • Repeals section 1110(e)(6) of the CARES Act, which requires PPP borrowers to deduct the amount of their EIDL advance from their PPP forgiveness amount. Clarifies this change is retroactive to the start of CARES. Requires SBA to make borrowers whole if they have already received forgiveness and the EIDL Advance was deducted from that amount.
  • SBA has 15 days from date of enactment to issue rules related to how the repeal works and how they will make borrowers whole.


  • Creates a simplified PPP loan forgiveness application for loans under $150,000 dollars whereby the borrower signs and submits a one-page certification to the lender. The form requires the borrower to list the loan amount, the number of employees retained, and the estimated total amount of the loan spent on payroll costs.
  • SBA must create this form within 24 days of enactment. SBA must create an audit plan within 45 days of enactment.
  • The borrower must attest they have accurately supplied the required certification and followed relevant requirements in the program. Borrowers must keep employment records for four years and other records for three years. Borrowers may submit voluntary demographic information.

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Inside the new PPP program: How it differs, what changes mean, who can apply, much more